Middle Paleolithic Shell Beads in Israel and Algeria

  title={Middle Paleolithic Shell Beads in Israel and Algeria},
  author={Marian Vanhaeren and Francesco d’Errico and Chris B Stringer and Sarah L. James and Jonathan A. Todd and Henk K. Mienis},
  pages={1785 - 1788}
Perforated marine gastropod shells at the western Asian site of Skhul and the North African site of Oued Djebbana indicate the early use of beads by modern humans in these regions. The remoteness of these sites from the seashore and a comparison of the shells to natural shell assemblages indicate deliberate selection and transport by humans for symbolic use. Elemental and chemical analyses of sediment matrix adhered to one Nassarius gibbosulus from Skhul indicate that the shell bead comes from… 

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