Middle Paleolithic Assemblages from the Indian Subcontinent Before and After the Toba Super-Eruption

@article{Petraglia2007MiddlePA,
  title={Middle Paleolithic Assemblages from the Indian Subcontinent Before and After the Toba Super-Eruption},
  author={M. Petraglia and R. Korisettar and N. Boivin and C. Clarkson and P. Ditchfield and Sacha Jones and J. Koshy and M. Lahr and C. Oppenheimer and D. Pyle and R. Roberts and J. Schwenninger and L. Arnold and K. White},
  journal={Science},
  year={2007},
  volume={317},
  pages={114 - 116}
}
The Youngest Toba Tuff (YTT) eruption, which occurred in Indonesia 74,000 years ago, is one of Earth's largest known volcanic events. The effect of the YTT eruption on existing populations of humans, and accordingly on the course of human evolution, is debated. Here we associate the YTT with archaeological assemblages at Jwalapuram, in the Jurreru River valley of southern India. Broad continuity of Middle Paleolithic technology across the YTT event suggests that hominins persisted regionally… Expand
Continuity and change in the lithic industries of the Jurreru Valley, India, before and after the Toba eruption
Lithic assemblage variability is synthesized and discussed for seven open sites and one rockshelter from the Jurreru Valley in the Kurnool district of southern India. The sites span the last c.77,000Expand
Cryptotephra from the 74 ka BP Toba super-eruption in the Billa Surgam caves, southern India
Abstract The ∼74 ka BP Youngest Toba Tuff (YTT), from the largest known Quaternary volcanic eruption, has been found for the first time as a non-visible ( crypto -) tephra layer within the BillaExpand
The Toba volcanic super-eruption, environmental change, and hominin occupation history in India over the last 140,000 years
A prolonged, interdisciplinary fieldwork program was initiated in India to investigate the impact of the Toba super-eruption on terrestrial ecosystems and hominins. Fieldwork was centered on theExpand
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The Central Anatolian Volcanic Province (CAVP) in Turkey preserves widespread deposits of Quaternary tephra, presently associated with a small but growing number of Paleolithic archaeological sites.Expand
A Toba-scale eruption in the Early Miocene : the Semilir eruption, East Java, Indonesia
The Indonesian archipelago is well-known for volcanic activity and has been the location of three catastrophic eruptions in the last million years: Krakatau, Tambora and Toba. However, there are noExpand
The 74 ka Toba super-eruption and southern Indian hominins: archaeology, lithic technology and environments at Jwalapuram Locality 3
Hominins living in southern India 74,000 years ago faced a deteriorating environment, as the global climate moved from interglacial into full glacial conditions. At the same time, South AsianExpand
Did the 73 ka Toba super-eruption have an enduring effect? Insights from genetics, prehistoric archaeology, pollen analysis, stable isotope geochemistry, geomorphology, ice cores, and climate models
Abstract The potential impact of the ∼73 ka Toba super-eruption upon global and regional climate, terrestrial ecosystems and prehistoric human populations remains unclear. Evidence from genetics,Expand
Understanding the overestimated impact of the Toba volcanic super-eruption on global environments and ancient hominins
Abstract The ~74 ka Toba super-eruption was the largest known explosive volcanic event of the past 2.5 million years and has been held responsible for presumed dramatic global cooling and large-scaleExpand
A southern Indian Middle Palaeolithic occupation surface sealed by the 74 ka Toba eruption: Further evidence from Jwalapuram Locality 22
This paper reports further evidence from an archaeological occupation surface in southern India that was buried by tephra from the Toba volcanic super-eruption ca. 74,000 years ago. The open-airExpand
Grain size distribution analysis of sediments containing Younger Toba tephra from Ghoghara, Middle Son valley, India
Abstract The Toba super-eruption in northern Sumatra ∼74 ka was the largest eruption of the Quaternary period. Terrestrial deposits of distal Toba tephra have been found across the IndianExpand
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THE eruption of Toba in Sumatra 73,500 years ago was the largest known explosive volcanic event in the late Quaternary1. It could have lofted about 1015 g each of fine ash and sulphur gases toExpand
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TLDR
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