Middle Palaeolithic burial is not a dead issue: the view from Qafzeh, Saint-Césaire, Kebara, Amud, and Dederiyeh.

@article{Gargett1999MiddlePB,
  title={Middle Palaeolithic burial is not a dead issue: the view from Qafzeh, Saint-C{\'e}saire, Kebara, Amud, and Dederiyeh.},
  author={R. Gargett},
  journal={Journal of human evolution},
  year={1999},
  volume={37 1},
  pages={
          27-90
        }
}
  • R. Gargett
  • Published 1999
  • Geology, Medicine
  • Journal of human evolution
Inferences of purposeful Middle Palaeolithic (MP) burial are almost universally accepted, despite published arguments that the pre-1960s discoveries are equally well explained by natural processes. In the modern human origins debate (perhaps the most hotly disputed question in palaeoanthropology) inferences of MP burial are crucial in arguments for an early Upper Pleistocene emergence of modern humans. The present paper contributed to that debate by re-examining a number of post-1960s… Expand
Reconstruction of the burial position of two hominin skeletons (Australopithecus sediba) from the early Pleistocene Malapa cave site, South Africa
The Malapa site has yielded unusually abundant and well preserved fossils of Australopithecus sediba. While some elements were found in situ during excavation, others were recovered ex situ fromExpand
The Paleolithic Burials at Qafzeh Cave, Israel
Human fossils, morphologically recognized as modern, were uncovered and dated at Qafzeh cave (Israel). This classification demonstrated that Mousterian industries of Middle Paleolithic age were madeExpand
Lower and Middle Palaeolithic Mortuary Behaviours and the Origins of Ritual Burial
Although we now know that the site of the 1856 discovery of the eponymous remains – the Kleine Feldhofer Grotte, in the Neander valley – was in all likelihood a place of burial (Schmitz 2006 ), theExpand
The Neanderthal dead: exploring mortuary variability in Middle Palaeolithic Eurasia
Recent discussions about Neanderthal mortuary behaviour have tended to polarise around opinions that they did, or did not, bury their dead. Gargett, in particular, has forwarded a largelyExpand
Testing the Roc de Marsal Neandertal “Burial” with Geoarchaeology
The question of intentional Neanderthal interment continues to be debated in paleoanthropology. Among the criteria that can be used to investigate the intentionality of a burial, many of them rely onExpand
Rabbits in the grave! Consequences of bioturbation on the Neandertal "burial" at Regourdou (Montignac-sur-Vézère, Dordogne).
TLDR
The impact of rabbit activity now brings into question both the reliability of the archaeostratigraphy of the site and the paleoenvironmental reconstructions previously proposed for it, and suggests rabbits may have played a role in the distribution of the Neandertal skeletal remains. Expand
Grave Markers: Middle and Early Upper Paleolithic Burials and the Use of Chronotypology in Contemporary Paleolithic Research
Comparison of mortuary data from the Middle and Early Upper Paleolithic archaeological record shows that, contrary to previous assessments, there is much evidence for continuity between the twoExpand
A critical look at evidence from La Chapelle-aux-Saints supporting an intentional Neandertal burial
In a paper based on recent excavations and analysis of recovered material at the French Middle Paleolithic site of La Chapelle-aux-Saints, Rendu et al. (2014) concluded that there is sufficientExpand
Pluridisciplinary evidence for burial for the La Ferrassie 8 Neandertal child
TLDR
A pit was dug in a sterile sediment layer and the corpse of a two-year-old child was laid there, and a hominin bone from this context yielded a direct 14C age of 41.7–40.8 ka cal BP, making the bone one of the most recent directly dated Neandertals. Expand
The first Neanderthal remains from an open-air Middle Palaeolithic site in the Levant
TLDR
Newly discovered fossil remains from intact archaeological layers of the open-air site ‘Ein Qashish reinforce the view that Neandertals were a resilient population in the Levant shortly before Upper Palaeolithic Homo sapiens populated the region. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 190 REFERENCES
Thermoluminescence dates for the Neanderthal burial site at Kebara in Israel
The origins of modern man are a subject of controversy among palaeoanthropologists concerned with human evolution1–3. Particularly heavily debated is the dating of hominid remains uncovered inExpand
Intentional human burial: Middle Paleolithic (last glaciation) beginnings
This paper analyzes intentional burial as a historical phenomenon. Mortuary practices are viewed as a particular sphere of human activity, involving the transfer of the physical remains from oneExpand
A Middle Palaeolithic burial of a modern human at Taramsa Hill, Egypt
Discussion about a possible African origin of modern humans is hampered by the lack of Late Pleistocene skeletal material from the Nile valley, the likely passage-way from East Africa to Asia andExpand
Grave Shortcomings: The Evidence for Neandertal Burial [and Comments and Reply]
Evidence for purposeful disposal of the dead and other inferences of ritual behavior in the Middle Paleolithic are examined geoarchaeologically. Cave geomorphology, sedimentology, and taphonomy formExpand
A Correction: A Structural Comparison of Disposal of the Dead in the Mousterian and the Upper Paleolithic
Dr. Henry Wright of the University of Michigan was kind enough to point out to me an error of fact in my recent paper, "A Structural Comparison of Disposal of the Dead in the Mousterian and the UpperExpand
Thermoluminescence dating of Mousterian Troto-Cro-Magnon' remains from Israel and the origin of modern man
The Qafzeh1 and Skhul2,3 caves in Israel have yielded the remains of over 30 hominids. Despite their association with Mousterian deposits, these have been recognized as forerunners of other HomoExpand
Thermoluminescence dating of the late Neanderthal remains from Saint-Césaire
ANATOMICALLY modern humans have long been thought to have been responsible for the Aurignacian and Châtelperronian industries of the early Upper Palaeolithic of Western Europe, whereas the MiddleExpand
The Neanderthal Remains from Dederiyeh Cave, Syria: Interim Report
Dederiyeh No. 2, a large cave site in northwestern Syria, was chosen for excavation after an extensive reconnaissance survey in the Afrin region in 1987 under the Syrian-Japan joint expedition. TheExpand
Paleoanthropological and paleoecological implications of the taphonomy of a sabertooth's den
TLDR
Analysis of toothmarks shows that the toothmark frequencies are similar to those from hyaena and leopard dens, and this demonstrates that Homotherium was able to effectively deflesh long bones of its prey, suggesting that Homotherapy would have provided early Homo with moderate amounts of scavengeable mammal remains. Expand
Taphonomy and population dynamics of an early Pliocene vertebrate fauna, Knox County, Nebraska
The principal purpose of this study is to determine from geological and biological evidence how a concentration of fossil bones originated. The Verdigre quarry of earliest Pli— ocene age in theExpand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...