Middle Miocene Carnivora and Hyaenodonta from Fort Ternan, western Kenya

  title={Middle Miocene Carnivora and Hyaenodonta from Fort Ternan, western Kenya},
  author={Lars Werdelin},
  pages={267 - 283}
ABSTRACT Fort Ternan is a middle Miocene (c. 13.7-13.8 Ma) site famous for its fossils of Kenyapithecus wickeri Leakey, 1962, considered the earliest African hominoid. Herein, the Carnivora and Hyaenodonta from this site are described and placed in their temporal context, showing the middle Miocene to be a time of transition from archaic carnivores of the early Miocene and carnivores of more modern aspect from the late Miocene. Fort Ternan includes: Amphicyonidae represented by ?Myacyon peignei… Expand
Systematics and paleobiology of Carnivora and Hyaenodonta from the lower Miocene of Buluk, Kenya
Early Miocene carnivorous mammals from Buluk, Kenya, are described and discussed. Four taxa belonging to Hyaeno­ donta and four belonging to Carnivora are identified. Members of Hyaenodonta includeExpand
The Late Middle Miocene Mae Moh Basin of Northern Thailand: The Richest Neogene Assemblage of Carnivora from Southeast Asia and a Paleobiogeographic Analysis of Miocene Asian Carnivorans
ABSTRACT The late middle Miocene fossil-bearing lignite zones of the Mae Moh Basin, northern Thailand, have yielded a rich vertebrate fauna, including two species of Carnivora described thus far: theExpand
The Apex of Amphicyonid Hypercarnivory: Solving The Riddle of Agnotherium antiquum Kaup, 1833 (Mammalia, Carnivora)
Agnotherium was a 275 kg, extremely powerful, strictly carnivorous ambush hunter that represents the apex of amphicyonid evolution toward carnivory, and is one of six carnivoran species from the Eppelsheim Formation that is heavier than 200 kg. Expand


Dissopsalis, a middle and late Miocene proviverrine creodont (Mammalia) from Pakistan and Kenya
ABSTRACT Old World Miocene proviverrine creodonts include Dissopsalis carnifex from Pakistan and Dissopsalis pyroclasticus from Kenya. D. carnifex is a common predator in the middle and late MioceneExpand
A new small carnivoran from the Middle Miocene of Fort Ternan, Kenya
The pattern that emerges in this study is that the species of Viverridae and Herpestidae do not generally overlap in ecomorphology where they overlap geographically, which indicates considerable competitive interactions between the families in both Africa and Eurasia. Expand
A large Percrocutid Carnivore from the Late Miocene (ca. 10–9 Ma) of Nakali, Kenya
It is concluded that the fossil from Nakali, Kenya, belongs to the genus Percrocuta Kretzoi, 1938, being morphologically similar to the type species Percro cuta carnifex from the Siwaliks of Pakistan. Expand
A rhinoceros from the late miocene of Fort Ternan, Kenya
SYNOPSIS A rhinoceros from the Fort Ternan site, Kenya, Late Miocene in age, represents a form distinctly more advanced than the genera and species known from the Early Miocene although it is notExpand
A new paradoxurine carnivore from the Late Miocene Siwaliks of India and a review of the bunodont viverrids of Africa
Paradoxurine carnivores are today confined to south-east Asia. Fossils attributed to Paradoxurus have been reported from Pakistan, southern China and Java, but seldom with descriptions. Here weExpand
Carnivores from the Middle Miocene Ngorora Formation (13-12 Ma), Kenya
A new genus and species of bundont viverrid that is intermediate in size and morphology between Early Miocene Orangictis on the one hand and Plio-Pleistocene Pseudocivetta on the other appears to have been restricted to Africa. Expand
Together, the eight carnivorous taxa now known from Moghra include not only some representatives of widespread genera common to localities across Eurasia and Africa, but also a number of unique faunal elements, including three new genera and five new species. Expand
Comparative observations on some middle and upper miocenehyaenids, Genera: Percrocuta Kretzoi, Allohyaena Kretzoi, Adcrocuta Kretzoi (Mammalia, Carnivora, Hyaenidae)
Their apomorphies, considered in relation to their temporal distributions, permit an interpretation of the phylogenetic relationships of their several lineages which is consistant with the proposed systematic revision of the group. Expand
New hyaenodonts (Ferae, Mammalia) from the Early Miocene of Napak (Uganda), Koru (Kenya) and Grillental (Namibia)
Abstract Recent palaeontological surveys in Early Miocene sediments at Napak (Uganda), Koru (Kenya) and Grillental (Namibia) have resulted in the collection of a number of small to medium-sizedExpand
Systematics of African Amphicyonidae, with descriptions of new material from Napak (Uganda) and Grillental (Namibia)
The genus Hecubides is validated, which would be phylogenetically related to the medium and large size species of Amphicyonidae from Africa, most of them now grouped into the genera Afrocyon and Myacyon , both endemic to this continent. Expand