Mid-stream vs. first-voided urine collection by using automated analyzers for particle examination in healthy subjects: an Italian multicenter study.


BACKGROUND In analogy with other areas of laboratory diagnostics, the pre-analytical phase is the leading source of variability also in urinalysis. We carried out a multicentric study for comparing results obtained from first-voided and mid-stream urine samples. METHODS Each of the six hospital-based clinical laboratories participating to this study… (More)
DOI: 10.1515/cclm.2011.823


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