Mid-Pliocene sea level and continental ice volume based on coupled benthic Mg/Ca palaeotemperatures and oxygen isotopes

@article{Dwyer2008MidPlioceneSL,
  title={Mid-Pliocene sea level and continental ice volume based on coupled benthic Mg/Ca palaeotemperatures and oxygen isotopes},
  author={Gary S. Dwyer and Mark A. Chandler},
  journal={Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences},
  year={2008},
  volume={367},
  pages={157 - 168}
}
  • G. Dwyer, M. Chandler
  • Published 13 January 2009
  • Environmental Science, Geography
  • Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society A: Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Sciences
Ostracode magnesium/calcium (Mg/Ca)-based bottom-water temperatures were combined with benthic foraminiferal oxygen isotopes in order to quantify the oxygen isotopic composition of seawater, and estimate continental ice volume and sea-level variability during the Mid-Pliocene warm period, ca 3.3–3.0 Ma. Results indicate that, following a low stand of approximately 65 m below present at marine isotope stage (MIS) M2 (ca 3.3 Ma), sea level generally fluctuated by 20–30 m above and below a mean… 

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