Microwave control of atomic motion in optical lattices.

@article{Frster2009MicrowaveCO,
  title={Microwave control of atomic motion in optical lattices.},
  author={Leonid F{\"o}rster and Michał Karski and Jai-Min Choi and Andreas Steffen and Wolfgang Alt and Dieter Meschede and Artur Widera and Enrique Montano and Jae Hoon Lee and Worawarong Rakreungdet and Poul S. Jessen},
  journal={Physical review letters},
  year={2009},
  volume={103 23},
  pages={
          233001
        }
}
We control the quantum mechanical motion of neutral atoms in an optical lattice by driving microwave transitions between spin states whose trapping potentials are spatially offset. Control of this offset with nanometer precision allows for adjustment of the coupling strength between different motional states, analogous to an adjustable effective Lamb-Dicke factor. This is used both for efficient one-dimensional sideband cooling of individual atoms to a vibrational ground state population of 97… 

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