Microwave Background in a Steady-state Universe

  title={Microwave Background in a Steady-state Universe},
  author={Jayant V. Narlikar and N. Chandra Wickramasinghe},
IT has been widely claimed that the background microwave radiation observed by Penzias and Wilson1 and Roll and Wilkinson2 must originate from a radiation dominant, early phase of the Universe. Hoyle and Wickramasinghe3 have, however, discussed the possibility of a more local origin for this radiation. They point out that the energy density arising from the conversion of hydrogen to helium in all galaxies is about 10−13 erg/cm3, close to the energy density of the 3° K blackbody field. If an… 
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