Microstrip antennas with suppressed radiation in horizontal directions and reduced coupling

@article{Nikolic2005MicrostripAW,
  title={Microstrip antennas with suppressed radiation in horizontal directions and reduced coupling},
  author={M. M. Nikolic and A. R. Djordjevic and Arye Nehorai},
  journal={IEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation},
  year={2005},
  volume={53},
  pages={3469-3476}
}
Microstrip (patch) antennas usually strongly radiate in directions along the ground plane. This effect causes unwanted radiation patterns and increased coupling among array elements. Dielectric polarization currents are identified as physical sources of this radiation. A general technique is proposed to compensate these currents and suppress radiation in horizontal directions. 
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