Microsequence analysis of peptides and proteins. IX. Manual gas-phase microsequencing of multiple samples.

Abstract

A novel apparatus for performing manual gas-phase Edman chemistry on protein and peptide samples is described. Edman chemistry is performed in 6 to 10 Teflon continuous flow reactors (CFR), previously described by J.E. Shively et al. (1987) Anal. Biochem. 163, 517-529). The CFRs are packed with 10-15 mg of Polybrene-coated spherical silica (Porasil B, Waters Associates). The gas-phase coupling reagent and cleavage reagent are 5% aqueous triethylamine and anhydrous trifluoroacetic acid, respectively, delivered by a stream of argon gas. The delivery of the gas-phase reagents is manually controlled with Hamilton 3-way valves and 2-way valves, and that of the solvents, ethyl acetate and butyl chloride, by syringe pipetting. The average cycle time is 15-20 min for 6 to 10 samples run simultaneously. Conversion of the anilinothiazolinone to phenylthiohydantoin (PTH) amino acid derivatives is accomplished manually with 25% aqueous trifluoroacetic acid. The PTH amino acids are analyzed by reversed-phase HPLC using an autosampler for handling multiple samples. Excellent results were obtained in the 100-200 pmol range. Protein samples can be sequenced from 15-20 cycles, and peptide samples usually to the COOH terminus. Initial yields ranged from 30 to 60% and repetitive yields ranged from 90 to 96%. The sample washout and size of background peaks are significantly reduced, compared to older methods of manual sequence analysis. The yields and background signal to noise are comparable to automated gas-phase Edman chemistry. The improved manual Edman described represents a low cost alternative to automated sequence analysis, and has the advantage being able to process multiple samples simultaneously.

Cite this paper

@article{Haniu1988MicrosequenceAO, title={Microsequence analysis of peptides and proteins. IX. Manual gas-phase microsequencing of multiple samples.}, author={Mitsuru Haniu and John E . Shively}, journal={Analytical biochemistry}, year={1988}, volume={173 2}, pages={296-306} }