@article{Kondepudi1987MicroscopicAI,
title={Microscopic aspects implied by the Second Law},
author={Dilip K. Kondepudi},
journal={Foundations of Physics},
year={1987},
volume={17},
pages={713-722}
}

It is conventional to try to arrive at the Boltzmann principle and the Second Law starting with the laws of dynamics at the microscopic level. In this article the opposite view is presented: Starting with the Second Law, microscopic properties are derived. A classical result of Wien is developed into a general theorem, and the possibility of deriving the Boltzmann principle as a consequence of Carnot's theorem is discussed.

The Carnot cycle can be viewed as describing a local process of energy-work conversion by a single interacting particle which feature rates of energy transfer and conversion not possible in the classical Carnot development, but that even irreversible local processes might be brought within the scope of this cycle, implying a unified treatment of thermodynamically irreversible and reversible processes.Expand

A relation is obtained between the generalized resistance and the fluctuations of the generalized forces in linear dissipative systems. This relation forms the extension of the Nyquist relation for… Expand

The quantum theory of the meson (Kemmer 1938; Frohlich, Heitler and Kemmer 1938; Bhabha 1938; Yukawa, Sakata and Taketani 1938; Stueckelberg 1938), in spite of its great similarity to the quantum… Expand

This addresswas presented by Freeman J. Dyson as the NishinaMemorial Lecture at the University of Tokyo, on October 17, 1984, and at Yukawa Institute for Theoretical Physics, on October 23, 1984.