Highly predictive SNP markers for efficient selection of the wheat leaf rust resistance gene Lr16
Leaf rust, caused by Puccinia triticina, is one of the most damaging diseases of wheat worldwide. Lr16 is a widely deployed leaf rust resistance gene effective at the seedling stage. Although virulence to Lr16 exists in the Canadian P. triticina population, Lr16 provides a level of partial resistance in the field. The primary objective of this study was to identify markers linked to Lr16 that are suitable for marker-assisted selection (MAS). Lr16 was tagged with microsatellite markers on the distal end of chromosome 2BS in three mapping populations. Seven microsatellite loci mapped within 10 cM of Lr16, with the map distances varying among populations. Xwmc764 was the closest microsatellite locus to Lr16, and mapped 1, 9, and 3 cM away in the RL4452/AC Domain, BW278/AC Foremost, and HY644/McKenzie mapping populations, respectively. Lr16 was the terminal locus mapped in all three populations. Xwmc764, Xgwm210, and Xwmc661 were the most suitable markers for selection of Lr16 because they had simple PCR profiles, numerous alleles, high polymorphism information content (PIC), and were tightly linked to Lr16. Twenty-eight spring wheat lines were evaluated for leaf rust reaction with the P. triticina virulence phenotypes MBDS, MBRJ, and MGBJ, and analyzed with five microsatellite markers tightly linked to Lr16. There was good agreement between leaf rust infection type (IT) data and the microsatellite allele data. Microsatellite markers were useful for postulating Lr16 in wheat lines with multiple leaf rust resistance genes.