Microsatellite polymorphism in the heme oxygenase-1 gene promoter and cardiac allograft vasculopathy.


BACKGROUND The heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) isoenzyme has recently been suggested to protect transplants from ischemia-reperfusion and immunologic injury. Inducibility of this enzyme is modulated by a (GT)n dinucleotide length polymorphism in the HO-1 gene promoter. Short (class S) repeats are associated with greater up-regulation of HO-1 than are long repeats… (More)