Micronutrient Deficiency Conditions: Global Health Issues

  title={Micronutrient Deficiency Conditions: Global Health Issues},
  author={Theodore Herzl Tulchinsky},
  journal={Public Health Reviews},
Micronutrient deficiency conditions are widespread among 2 billion people in developing and in developed countries. These are silent epidemics of vitamin and mineral deficiencies affecting people of all genders and ages, as well as certain risk groups. They not only cause specific diseases, but they act as exacerbating factors in infectious and chronic diseases, greatly impacting morbidity, mortality, and quality of life. Deficiencies in some groups of people at special risk require… 
Nutritional disorders in India and their alleviation through counseling and diet modification
One of the World’s greatest challenges is to secure sufficient and healthy food for all, and to do so in an environmentally sustainable manner, and food fortification is an accepted, practical and affordable solution to overcome this problem.
Micronutrient Deficiencies: Impact on Therapeutic Outcomes
The authors provide an overview of the role of these essential nutrients in health and illness and discuss various strategies which have been studied and implemented in order to improve the nutritional status of children in the developing world.
Micronutrient Vitamin Deficiencies and Cardiovascular Disease Risk: Advancing Current Understanding
Although MVD is a significant risk factor for CVDs, supplementation with single or paired micronutrients for primary prevention of CVDS in healthy adults with no special nutritional needs is discouraged; there is insufficient evidence to determine the benefit/harm of such supplementation.
Nutritional disorders: An overview
Development efforts on a global basis are strongly recommended which include measures to improve nutrition and food security as an important component of poverty alleviation.
The Role of Food Fortification in Addressing Iron Deficiency in Infants and Young Children.
This chapter focuses on the use of fortified foods as a cost-effective mechanism to address iron deficiency in this particularly vulnerable subpopulation.
Health Benefits of Micronutrients (Vitamins and Minerals) and their Associated Deficiency Diseases: A Systematic Review
The research focused on the benefits of micronutrients (vitamins and minerals) and their associated deficiency diseases and health complications. Micronutrients are essential elements required by
The importance of vitamin D in maternal and child health: a global perspective
The history, risk factors, and controversies related to 25-hydroxy vitamin D deficiency during pregnancy and childhood are highlighted with a particular focus on global NR prevention.
Intervention strategies to address multiple micronutrient deficiencies in pregnancy and early childhood.
Several micronutrient supplementations in children have been shown to improve linear growth, weight, hemoglobin, serum zinc, serum retinol levels and motor development and should be considered to improve the survival and decrease morbidity and mortality in children and women.
The systematic review focused on nutritional diseases, nutrient toxicities, nutrients deficiency diseases, and the diets for health living, finding herbal products show sufficient potential in preventing and treating diseases that they are being tested in scientific studies.


The Vitamin D Deficiency Pandemic: a Forgotten Hormone Important for Health
The pathophysiology of vitamin D deficiency and its health consequences are reviewed, recommendations for a new policy approach to this vital public health issue are provided, and the most cost-effective way to remedy this deficiency is to increase food fortification with higher levels ofitamin D along with sensible sun exposure, and adequate vitamin D supplementation.
Chronic Disease Prevention and the New Public Health
Evidence for prevention is strongest for measures aimed at reducing tobacco use and increasing physical activity, while large gaps remain in knowledge about how to effectively change eating habits and achieve healthy weights in a population.
Public Health Interventions to Combat Micronutrient Deficiencies
This paper recommends active governmental leadership and policy review on a continuing basis to address micronutrient deficiency problems at the level of populations and vulnerable groups.
Communicable Diseases: Achievements and Challenges for Public Health
Emergence of antibiotic-resistant strains of common organisms due to overuse of antibiotics and lack of vaccines for many dangerous microorganisms poses problems to humanity, which stresses the need for new vaccines, effective antibiotics and strengthened environmental control measures.
Guidelines on food fortification with micronutrients
Food fortification has the dual advantage of being able to deliver nutrients to large segments of the population without requiring radical changes in food consumption patterns.
Folic Acid and Vitamin B12 Fortification of Flour: A Global Basic Food Security Requirement
The vital importance of mandatory flour fortification with folic acid and vitamin B12, for public health food security and as a challenge to the New Public Health in Europe and globally is discussed.
Prevention of Rickets and Vitamin D Deficiency in Infants, Children, and Adolescents
These revised guidelines for vitamin D intake for healthy infants, children, and adolescents are based on evidence from new clinical trials and the historical precedence of safely giving 400 IU of vitamin D per day in the pediatric and adolescent population.
Fifty-five-year personal experience with human nutrition worldwide.
The author's scientific contributions include identification of synergistic interactions of nutrition and infection, use of potassium iodate for fortifying crude moist salt, research in the epidemiology of kwashiorkor and marasmus, development of a successful low-cost protein-rich food for infants and young children, establishment of human protein requirements, and investigation of single-cell protein for food use.
Trends in wheat-flour fortification with folic acid and iron--worldwide, 2004 and 2007.
  • Medicine
    MMWR. Morbidity and mortality weekly report
  • 2008
The worldwide percentage of wheat-flour fortification increased from 18% in 2004 to 27% in 2007, which indicated that the estimated number of persons with access to fortified wheat flour increased by approximately 540 million, and the annual number of newborns whose mothers had access tofortified wheat flour during pregnancy increased by about 14 million.