The soil fungi in the pure stand of oak (Quercus petraea), beech (Fagus orientalis), and pine (Pinus nigra) were investigated by the dilution plate method at Yildiz Mountain in Thrace region. The mycobiota, as well as the number of isolates per plate, was determined at various soil depths. Principal component analysis of the soil profiles indicated that there was variation in mycobiota composition and the variation was attributed to differences among the ecosystems. When comparing conifer and hardwood soils, using Sorenson’s similarity index, fungal community composition corresponded more closely between the hardwood stands than with the conifer stand. Fungal community composition appears to be influenced by the organic compounds entering soil from plant litter.