Microfossil and Fourier Transform InfraRed analyses of Lapita and post-Lapita human dental calculus from Vanuatu, Southwest Pacific

@article{Horrocks2014MicrofossilAF,
  title={Microfossil and Fourier Transform InfraRed analyses of Lapita and post-Lapita human dental calculus from Vanuatu, Southwest Pacific},
  author={Mark Horrocks and Mich{\'e}l K. Nieuwoudt and Rebecca Kinaston and Hallie Ruth Buckley and Stuart Bedford},
  journal={Journal of the Royal Society of New Zealand},
  year={2014},
  volume={44},
  pages={17 - 33}
}
Here we report on microfossil analysis of human dental calculus from Lapita (3000–2600 yr BP) and post-Lapita (2300–2000 yr BP) burials from Vao and Uripiv, Vanuatu. Phytoliths of introduced Musa and indigenous Heliconia in the calculus suggest the use of these taxa as food wrappings. Phytoliths and most other material in the calculus, namely sponge spicules, calcium oxalate crystals, xylem and charcoal, are unequivocal identifications. Another type of material, comprising degraded objects with… 

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