Microchronology and Demographic Evidence Relating to the Size of Pre-Columbian North American Indian Populations

  title={Microchronology and Demographic Evidence Relating to the Size of Pre-Columbian North American Indian Populations},
  author={Dean R. Snow},
  pages={1601 - 1604}
  • D. Snow
  • Published 16 June 1995
  • History
  • Science
Recent estimates for the size of the aggregate North American Indian population in A.D. 1492 vary from about 18 million to less than 2 million. The unusually favorable archaeological characteristics of Mohawk Iroquois sites in eastern New York have allowed a detailed demographic reconstruction of one case for the period A.D. 1400 to 1776. The case indicates that exogenous epidemics did not reach the region until the 17th century and supports arguments favoring the lower populations estimates… 
Eastern North American Population at ca. A.D. 1500
Archaeologically documented population aggregates are used to estimate the population of eastern North America around A.D. 1500 and by extension the entire continent north of heavily populated
Population History of the Onondaga and Oneida Iroquois, A.D. 1500–1700
Much of the discussion about North American precontact and contact-period populations has focused on continent-wide estimates. Although the associated work has produced valuable information on the
Sixteenth- and Seventeenth-Century Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) Population Trends in Northeastern North America
Abstract The Seneca are an original member of the Haudenosaunee (Iroquois) Confederacy and one of several Northern Iroquoian societies that inhabited northeastern North America. This research
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The results indicate that the indigenous population of the Jemez Province declined by 87% following European colonization but that this reduction occurred nearly a century after initial contact, and triggered an increase in the frequency of extensive surface fires between 1640 and 1900.
Warfare in prehistoric and early historic eastern North America
Recent criticisms of the use of historically and ethnographically recorded conflicts as models for warfare in prehistoric times force archaeologists to reexamine assumptions about the frequency,
The Precontact Iroquoian Occupation of Southern Ontario
Iroquoians become recognizable in the archaeological record of southern Ontario about A.D. 500, with the appearance of Princess Point sites and maize agriculture in the lower Grand River valley.
Spatiotemporal Analysis of Old World Diseases in North America, A.D. 1519–1807
Over the last 25 years, a significant amount of archaeological and ethnohistoric research has produced data on Native American population trends after European contact. These include the timing and
Bridging the Precontact and Postcontact Divide in Eastern North America: Prior Conditions Set the Stage for Historic Period Outcomes
  • G. Milner
  • History
    Bioarchaeology and Social Theory
  • 2018
Scholars and the public alike view the European arrival in the Western Hemisphere as heralding a decisive break between millennia of continual, but typically gradual, changes in native societies and
Current Research on Late Precontact Societies of the Midcontinental United States
Research during the past decade on Late Precontact societies (ca. A.D. 1000–1600/1700) in the Midcontinent, particularly Mississippian, Oneota, Fort Ancient, and Late Woodland, is strongly rooted in


North American Indian population size, A.D. 1500 to 1985
Production of the Smithsonians Handbook of North American Indians has enabled new tribe-by-tribe estimates of North America Indian population size, which suggest that population numbered about 1894350 at about A.D. 1500 and by 1985 population size has increased to over 2.5 million.
European contact and Indian depopulation in the Northeast: the timing of the first epidemics.
In order to estimate prehistoric Indian population sizes in the New World it is first necessary to gain a better understanding of the demographic effects of European-introduced diseases. To that end
Sixteenth-Century Depopulation: A View from the Mohawk Valley
An attempt is made to analyze demographic trends among the American Indian population of the Mohawk Valley in the sixteenth century using archeological methodology. Specifically the method employed
"More Methodological Perspectives": A Rejoinder to Dobyns
Thwaites, Reuben Gold, ed. 1959 [I896] The Jesuit Relations and Allied Documents. 73 vols. New York: Pageant. Trigger, Bruce G. 1976 The Children of Aataentsic: A History of the Huron People to i66o.
A Computer Program for Radiocarbon Age Calibration
The calibration curves and tables given in this issue of RADIOCARBON form a data base ideally suited for a computerized operation. The program listed below converts a radiocarbon age and its age
Extended 14C Data Base and Revised CALIB 3.0 14C Age Calibration Program
The age calibration program, CALIB (Stuiver & Reimer 1986), first made available in 1986 and subsequently modified in 1987 (revision 2.0 and 2.1), has been amended anew. The 1993 program (revision
Mohawk Valley Archaeology: The Sites (University at Albany
  • New York,
  • 1995
Why did they die?
The wages of contact.