Microbubble transmission during cardiotomy infusion of a hardshell venous reservoir with integrated cardiotomy versus a softshell venous reservoir with separated cardiotomy: an in vitro comparison.


An important mechanism for postoperative cognitive impairment after cardiac surgery using cardiopulmonary bypass (CPB) is microemboli. One component of the CPB circuit-the cardiotomy-is a major source of gaseous microemboli because it aspirates significant volumes of air with blood from the operative field and intracardiac chambers. Cardiotomies are either… (More)


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