Microbiologic determinants of exacerbation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

  title={Microbiologic determinants of exacerbation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.},
  author={Antoni Rosell and Eduard Monso and N{\'e}stor Soler and Ferran Torres and Joaquim Angrill and Gerdt Riise and Rafael Zalaca{\'i}n and Josep Morera and Antoni Torres},
  journal={Archives of internal medicine},
  volume={165 8},
BACKGROUND The culture of bronchial secretions from the lower airway has been reported to be positive for potentially pathogenic microorganisms (PPMs) in patients with stable chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD), but the determinants and effects of this bacterial load in the airway are not established. METHODS To determine the bronchial microbial pattern in COPD and its relationship with exacerbation, we pooled analysis of crude data from studies that used protected specimen brush… CONTINUE READING


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NHLBI/WHO Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease workshop report

  • GOLD Scientific Committee
  • Available at: http://www.goldcopd.com. Accessed…
  • 2003

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