Microbial translocation induces an intense proinflammatory response in patients with visceral leishmaniasis and HIV type 1 coinfection.

Abstract

BACKGROUND  Leishmania infection is a cofactor in the heightened cellular activation observed in patients with American visceral leishmaniasis and human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV) infection, with or without progression to AIDS (AVL/HIV). Thus, the persistence of a high parasite load despite antileishmanial therapy could be responsible for the… (More)
DOI: 10.1093/infdis/jit135

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@article{SantosOliveira2013MicrobialTI, title={Microbial translocation induces an intense proinflammatory response in patients with visceral leishmaniasis and HIV type 1 coinfection.}, author={Joanna Reis Santos-Oliveira and Eduardo G. Regis and Carmem B. W. Giacoia-Gripp and Joanna Gardel Valverde and Priscilla Alexandrino-de-Oliveira and Jos{\'e} {\^A}ngelo Lauletta Lindoso and Hiro Goto and Manoel Paes de Oliveira-Neto and Jorge Augusto de Oliveira Guerra and Beatriz Grinsztejn and Selma M B Jeronimo and Mariza Gonçalves Morgado and Alda Maria Da-Cruz}, journal={The Journal of infectious diseases}, year={2013}, volume={208 1}, pages={57-66} }