Microbial production of fatty-acid-derived fuels and chemicals from plant biomass

  title={Microbial production of fatty-acid-derived fuels and chemicals from plant biomass},
  author={Eric J. Steen and Yisheng Kang and Gregory Bokinsky and Zhihao Hu and Andreas Schirmer and Amy McClure and Stephen B. del Cardayr{\'e} and Jay D. Keasling},
Increasing energy costs and environmental concerns have emphasized the need to produce sustainable renewable fuels and chemicals. Major efforts to this end are focused on the microbial production of high-energy fuels by cost-effective ‘consolidated bioprocesses’. Fatty acids are composed of long alkyl chains and represent nature’s ‘petroleum’, being a primary metabolite used by cells for both chemical and energy storage functions. These energy-rich molecules are today isolated from plant and… 
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