Microbial phylogeny and diversity: small subunit ribosomal RNA sequence analysis and beyond.

Small subunit ribosomal RNA (16S rRNA) gene sequence analysis is used for the identification and classification of prokaryotes. In addition, sequencing of 16S rRNA genes amplified directly from the environment is used to estimate microbial diversity. The presence of mosaicism, intra-genomic heterogeneity and the lack of a universal threshold sequence… CONTINUE READING