Microbial heavy-metal resistance

@article{Nies1999MicrobialHR,
  title={Microbial heavy-metal resistance},
  author={D. Nies},
  journal={Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology},
  year={1999},
  volume={51},
  pages={730-750}
}
  • D. Nies
  • Published 1999
  • Chemistry, Medicine
  • Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology
Abstract We are just beginning to understand the metabolism of heavy metals and to use their metabolic functions in biotechnology, although heavy metals comprise the major part of the elements in the periodic table. Because they can form complex compounds, some heavy metal ions are essential trace elements, but, essential or not, most heavy metals are toxic at higher concentrations. This review describes the workings of known metal-resistance systems in microorganisms. After an account of the… Expand
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Efflux-mediated heavy metal resistance in prokaryotes.
  • D. Nies
  • Biology, Medicine
  • FEMS microbiology reviews
  • 2003
TLDR
The complement of efflux systems of 63 sequenced prokaryotes was compared with that of the heavy metal resistant bacterium Ralstonia metallidurans and showed that heavy metal resistance is the result of multiple layers of resistance systems with overlapping substrate specificities, but unique functions. Expand
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