Microbial genetics: Evolution experiments with microorganisms: the dynamics and genetic bases of adaptation

@article{Elena2003MicrobialGE,
  title={Microbial genetics: Evolution experiments with microorganisms: the dynamics and genetic bases of adaptation},
  author={S. Elena and R. Lenski},
  journal={Nature Reviews Genetics},
  year={2003},
  volume={4},
  pages={457-469}
}
Microorganisms have been mutating and evolving on Earth for billions of years. Now, a field of research has developed around the idea of using microorganisms to study evolution in action. Controlled and replicated experiments are using viruses, bacteria and yeast to investigate how their genomes and phenotypic properties evolve over hundreds and even thousands of generations. Here, we examine the dynamics of evolutionary adaptation, the genetic bases of adaptation, tradeoffs and the… Expand
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