Microbial ecology of the cryosphere: sea ice and glacial habitats

@article{Boetius2015MicrobialEO,
  title={Microbial ecology of the cryosphere: sea ice and glacial habitats},
  author={A. Boetius and A. Anesio and J. Deming and J. Mikucki and J. Rapp},
  journal={Nature Reviews Microbiology},
  year={2015},
  volume={13},
  pages={677-690}
}
The Earth's cryosphere comprises those regions that are cold enough for water to turn into ice. Recent findings show that the icy realms of polar oceans, glaciers and ice sheets are inhabited by microorganisms of all three domains of life, and that temperatures below 0 °C are an integral force in the diversification of microbial life. Cold-adapted microorganisms maintain key ecological functions in icy habitats: where sunlight penetrates the ice, photoautotrophy is the basis for complex food… Expand
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