Microbial diversity in the human intestine and novel insights from metagenomics.

  title={Microbial diversity in the human intestine and novel insights from metagenomics.},
  author={Marco Ventura and Francesca Turroni and Carlos A. Canchaya and Elaine E. Vaughan and Paul W. O’Toole and Douwe van Sinderen},
  journal={Frontiers in bioscience},
Bacterial communities reside in very different ecological niches on and within the human host, such as those associated with the alimentary tract. The human gastrointestinal tract is populated with as many as 100 trillion bacterial cells, whose collective genome likely reflects the co-evolution between the microbial community and its host. Recent progress has highlighted the intriguing diversity of these bacterial populations and their important contributions to human physiology. Thus, a… 

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