Microbial degradation of explosives: biotransformation versus mineralization

@article{Hawari2000MicrobialDO,
  title={Microbial degradation of explosives: biotransformation versus mineralization},
  author={J. A.-A. Hawari and Sylvie Beaudet and Annamaria Halasz and Sonia Thiboutot and Guy Ampleman},
  journal={Applied Microbiology and Biotechnology},
  year={2000},
  volume={54},
  pages={605-618}
}
Abstract The nitroaromatic explosive 2,4,6-trinitrotoluene (TNT) is a reactive molecule that biotransforms readily under both aerobic and anaerobic conditions to give aminodinitrotoluenes. The resulting amines biotransform to give several other products, including azo, azoxy, acetyl and phenolic derivatives, leaving the aromatic ring intact. Although some Meisenheimer complexes, initiated by hydride ion attack on the ring, can be formed during TNT biodegradation, little or no mineralization is… 

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