Microbial communities affecting albumen photography heritage: a methodological survey

  title={Microbial communities affecting albumen photography heritage: a methodological survey},
  author={Andrea Pu{\vs}k{\'a}rov{\'a} and M{\'a}ria Bu{\vc}kov{\'a} and Bo{\vz}ena Habalov{\'a} and Lucia Krakov{\'a} and Alena Makov{\'a} and Domenico Pangallo},
  journal={Scientific Reports},
This study is one of the few investigations which analyze albumen prints, perhaps the most important photographic heritage of the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The chemical composition of photographic samples was assessed using Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy and X-ray fluorescence. These two non-invasive techniques revealed the complex nature of albumen prints, which are composed of a mixture of proteins, cellulose and salts. Microbial sampling was performed using cellulose… Expand
Analyses of microorganisms and metabolites diversity on historic photographs using innovative methods
Abstract Historic photographs are a precious cultural heritage. Despite this, there is a lack of studies on the microorganisms that are responsible for their biodeterioration and the underlyingExpand
Overview of fungal isolates on heritage collections of photographic materials and their biological potency
Abstract Despite controlled relative humidity in archives and private collections, fungi are a widespread cause of biodeterioration of cinematographic films and historic photographs, which representExpand
Microbial Life and Death in a Foxing Stain: a Suggested Mechanism of Photographic Prints Defacement
In this study, a combination of various techniques, including culture-dependent and culture-independent approaches (RNA and DNA analysis), scanning electron microscopy-energy dispersive spectroscopy (SEM-EDS) and μ-Raman Spectroscopy supported by X-ray fluorescence analysis (XRF), permitted to describe the microbial contamination dynamics of foxing stains present on the surface of two gelatin-silver halide photographs. Expand
Lead soaps formation and biodiversity in a XVIII Century wax seal coloured with minium.
The culture-dependent and culture-independent investigations showed the presence of a complex microbiota composed mainly by fungal members which demonstrated interesting properties related to lipids and lead processing. Expand
Biodeteriogens Characterization and Molecular Analyses of Diverse Funeral Accessories from XVII Century
A historical crypt offers us a particular view of the conditions of some buried materials (in this case textiles) and the various biogenic phenomena to which they were subjected over the centuries.Expand
Fungi as deterioration agents of historic glass plate negatives of Brandys family collection
Abstract Microbiological deterioration was observed on a historic collection of retouched glass plate negatives. The collection came from a burnt manor house that belonged to the Brandys familyExpand
Effect of Five Essential Oils as Green Disinfectants on Selected Photographic Prints: Experimental Study
Albumen, silver gelatin and chromogenic prints are found abundantly among photographic collections in Egypt. Due to the uncontrolled environment in archives and libraries, this precious visualExpand
Application of metagenomic methods for selection of an optimal growth medium for bacterial diversity analysis of microbiocenoses on historical stone surfaces
Metagenomic analysis of the sequences revealed that the agar Wort medium is the best choice to determine the bacterial diversity present in situ in the biocenoses grown on historical sandstone surfaces. Expand
Diversity and activities of pioneer bacteria, algae, and fungi colonizing ceramic roof tiles during the first year of outdoor exposure
It is revealed that pioneer organisms colonizing tiles harbored interesting features like the ability to produce biofilm matrix and anti-quorum sensing and antimicrobial compounds, highlighting the intense competition between the microbial players during the priming of the tile colonization. Expand
High bacterial diversity in pioneer biofilms colonizing ceramic roof tiles
The data clearly indicate the need to focus on the pioneer colonizing bacteria that form the initial biofilm on building materials, which can subsequently lead to mature biofilm formation and visible biodeterioration. Expand


Co-occurrence of bacteria and fungi and spatial partitioning during photographic materials biodeterioration
Abstract The microbial spoilage and correlated surface changes of a cellulose nitrate negative film, a gelatine–silver positive print, a cardboard frame and a cellulosic envelope dated back toExpand
The quality of air at archives and the biodeterioration of photographs
Among the microbial isolates from photos, various fungal and bacterial isolates were capable of degrading starch and protein and also to excrete acids and pigments, which constitute a high potential risk for the biodeterioration of these documents. Expand
Biodeterioration of epoxy resin: a microbial survey through culture-independent and culture-dependent approaches.
This investigation provides new information on the potential microfloral inhabitants of epoxy resin discovering a new ecological niche, occupied mainly by several members of rock-colonizing microbial species. Expand
Mycological and FTIR analysis of biotic foxing on paper substrates
Abstract The small rusty stains (foxing) frequently found on historic paper documents, books, and prints have generally been analysed in the past by optical microscope through their morphochromaticExpand
Fungal biosorption of silver particles on 20th-century photographic documents
The ability of some fungi to alter the distribution of silver crystals in the gelatin emulsion was described thanks to a backscattered electrons detector that showed differences in the atomic number of the visualised objects, giving rise to an appreciable contrast in case of different chemical composition. Expand
ATR-FTIR imaging of albumen photographic prints
Abstract The preservation of early 20th century, late 19th century albumen prints is of great concern to collection managers and conservators of photographic materials. Attenuated Total ReflectionExpand
Physico-chemical characterization and conservation issues of photographs dated between 1890 and 1910
Abstract The characterization of the conservation status of photographic materials is usually assessed through visual analysis or optical microscopy. However, a small percentage of these materialsExpand
From Papyrus to Compact Disc: The Microbial Deterioration of Documentary Heritage
The scientific investigation of microbial degradation of documents is covered, which is one of the most serious and underappreciated sources of damage to library and archival materials. Expand
Microbial deterioration of cultural heritage and works of art — tilting at windmills?
A review of a variety of well-known biodeterioration phenomena observed on different materials, such as stone and building materials, objects exhibited in museums and libraries, as well as human remains and burial-related materials and some prominent examples of successful and unsuccessful conservation treatments are given. Expand
Molecular and Microscopical Investigation of the Microflora Inhabiting a Deteriorated Italian Manuscript Dated from the Thirteenth Century
Molecular methods, including PCR, denaturing gradient gel electrophoresis (DGGE), and clone libraries, were used as a sensitive alternative to conventional cultivation techniques and revealed a high biodiversity of both bacteria and fungi inhabiting the manuscript. Expand