Microbial Forensics: A Powerful Tool for Pursuing Bioterrorism Perpetrators and the Need for an International Database

@article{Yang2011MicrobialFA,
  title={Microbial Forensics: A Powerful Tool for Pursuing Bioterrorism Perpetrators and the Need for an International Database},
  author={Ruifu Yang and Paul S Keim},
  journal={Journal of Bioterrorism and Biodefense},
  year={2011},
  volume={2012},
  pages={1-8}
}
th 2001 in the U.S.A. with the anthrax-letter attacks. Bioterrorism is the deliberate use of living organisms or their byproducts (toxins) to inflict harm to susceptible humans, animals, plants, the environment or material by individuals, state-sponsored groups, insurgent/rebel, Doomsday/cult-type group, nonaligned terrorists, splinter groups, or lone offenders, in order to cause societal panic or menace societal safety and stability. The motives behind bioterrorism can be political… 
The signatures of microorganisms and of human and environmental biomes can now be used to provide evidence in legal cases.
  • A. Bishop
  • Political Science
    FEMS microbiology letters
  • 2019
TLDR
The capability now exists to identify malicious intent, characterise the threat agent to isolate level and potentially link it to perpetrators with a high level of confidence.
A Review on Bioterrorism and Biological Warfare
The exaggerated threat of act of terrorism, the chance displayed by numerous microorganisms as biological warfare has to be evaluated and also the historical development and use of biological
Microbial Forensics☆
DNA Based Methods in Intelligence - Moving Towards Metagenomics
TLDR
Existing DNA intelligence tools applied to forensic science, the application of microbial forensics and metagenomics along with the challenges and concerns that future developments entail are discussed.
Two-Step Source Tracing Strategy of Yersinia pestis and Its Historical Epidemiology in a Specific Region
TLDR
The analytical strategy developed here will be of great help in fighting against the outbreaks of emerging infectious diseases, by pinpointing the source of pathogens rapidly with genomic epidemiological data and microbial forensics information.
Variant site strain typer (VaST): efficient strain typing using a minimal number of variant genomic sites
TLDR
VaST is an open source software that, when provided a set of variant sites, can find the minimum number of sites that will provide maximum resolution of a strain complex, and it has many different run-time options that can accommodate a wide range of applications.
SNP Testing in Forensic Science
TLDR
SNPs provide valuable information on geographical origin and individual identification of unknown humans, plants and microorganisms samples and are very capable in the identification and examination of degraded samples with small amplicons.
Biology and its Significance
TLDR
The word biology was first time appeared in the book named Bibliotheca botanica which was written by Swedish scientist Carl Linnaeus in which logia means study of and bios means life.
...
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 104 REFERENCES
Microbial forensics: building a national capacity to investigate bioterrorism.
  • R. Murch
  • Psychology
    Biosecurity and bioterrorism : biodefense strategy, practice, and science
  • 2003
TLDR
The time has now come to define and fully establish a new scientific discipline of microbial forensics, which develops the science base and a forward-leaning, integrated, national biological weapons forensic capability that coordinates research and development and applies validated science and technology against national requirements.
Microbial forensics: the next forensic challenge
TLDR
An effective microbial forensics program will require development and/or validation of all aspects of the forensic investigative process, from sample collection to interpretation of results, as well as partnerships with other laboratories, because many of the necessary capabilities for analysis will not reside in the traditional forensic laboratory.
Microbial Forensics: A Scientific Assessment
TLDR
A colloquium was convened by the American Academy of Microbiology in Burlington, Vermont, on June 7-9, 2002, in which 25 interdisciplinary, expert scientists representing evolutionary microbiology, ecology, genomics, genetics, bioinformatics, forensics, chemistry, and clinical microbiology deliberated on issues in microbial forensics.
Genetic Analysis and Attribution of Microbial Forensics Evidence
TLDR
Enhanced capabilities are needed that enable the full and robust forensic exploitation and interpretation of microbial evidence from acts of bioterrorism or biocrimes.
The history and threat of biological warfare and terrorism.
Chips and SNPs, bugs and thugs: a molecular sleuthing perspective.
TLDR
Molecular approaches used for the identification of Salmonella enterica, Escherichia coli, and Shigella spp.
Bioterrorism: Implications for the Clinical Microbiologist
TLDR
The microbiology and clinical aspects of the biological agents thought to be the most likely tools of bioterrorists are presented and preparedness planning, with an emphasis on the roles of health care professionals, is included.
Distinct Clones of Yersinia pestis Caused the Black Death
TLDR
The results clarify the etiology of the Black Death and provide a paradigm for a detailed historical reconstruction of the infection routes followed by this disease.
...
...