Microaggressions Toward Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer, and Genderqueer People: A Review of the Literature

@article{Nadal2016MicroaggressionsTL,
  title={Microaggressions Toward Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, Queer, and Genderqueer People: A Review of the Literature},
  author={Kevin L. Nadal and Chassitty N. Whitman and Lindsey S. Davis and Tanya Erazo and Kristin C. Davidoff},
  journal={The Journal of Sex Research},
  year={2016},
  volume={53},
  pages={488 - 508}
}
Microaggressions are subtle forms of discrimination, often unconscious or unintentional, that communicate hostile or derogatory messages, particularly to and about members of historically marginalized social groups. While Sue’s (2010a, 2010b) microaggression theory formed its foundation in studies based on racial microaggressions, the following review summarizes microaggression literature to date, as it pertains to the lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, queer, and genderqueer (LGBTQ) people… Expand
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This special issue aims to further Microaggression Theory by providing theoretical and empirical papers that focus on the manifestation and impact of microaggressions on LGBTQ people. Expand
Patterns of transgender microaggressions in friendship: the role of gender identity
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TLDR
The Sexual Orientation Microaggressions Scale (SOMS) and the Gender Identity Microagressive Scale (GIMS) are introduced to empirically explore the multifaceted experiences of microaggression toward lesbian, gay, bisexual, and queer (LGBQ) people and transgender and gender nonconforming (TGNC) people. Expand
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Subtle and Severe: Microaggressions Among Racially Diverse Sexual Minorities
TLDR
This phenomenological study chronicles the prevalence and type of microaggressions experienced among a sample of 18 highly educated and racially diverse sexual minorities, 24–65 years of age, to find implications for the development of interventions that can serve clinicians in their therapeutic work with microaggressed sexual minorities across racial diversity. Expand
“Not a Real Family”: Microaggressions Directed toward LGBTQ Families
TLDR
Thematic analysis revealed that LGBTQ family microaggressions were salient to individuals across multiple family roles, and three specific themes emerged: family legitimacy, conflicts with family values, and gender violation within family. Expand
Overlooked and Invisible: Everyday Experiences of Microaggressions for LGBTQ Adolescents
TLDR
Participants’ experiences of microaggressions reflected complex forms of discrimination emerging from the intersections of sexual and gender identity. Expand
Exploring the Experiences of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Transgender, and Queer Sign Language Interpreters Working in the Video Relay Service Setting
This phenomenological study explores the lived experiences of lesbian, gay, bisexual, transgender, and queer (LGBTQ) sign language interpreters who have worked in the video relay service setting –Expand
Navigating Microaggressions, Overt Discrimination, and Institutional Oppression: Transgender and Gender Nonconforming People and the Criminal Justice System
The purpose of this chapter is to uncover how transgender and gender nonconforming (TGNC) people perceive and experience the criminal justice (CJ) system. The chapter focuses primarily on the typesExpand
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TLDR
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