Micro RNAs and DNA methylation are regulatory players in human cells with altered X chromosome to autosome balance

Abstract

The gene balance hypothesis predicts that an imbalance in the dosage sensitive genes affects the cascade of gene networks that may influence the fitness of individuals. The phenotypes associated with chromosomal aneuploidies demonstrate the importance of gene dosage balance. We have employed untransformed human fibroblast cells with different number of X chromosomes to assess the expression of miRNAs and autosomal genes in addition to the DNA methylation status. High throughput NGS analysis using illumina Next seq500 has detected several autosomal as well as X linked miRNAs as differentially expressed in X monosomy and trisomy cells. Two of these miRNAs (hsa-miR-125a-5p and 335-5p) are likely to be involved in regulation of the autosomal gene expression. Additionally, our data demonstrates altered expression and DNA methylation signatures of autosomal genes in X monosomy and trisomy cells. In addition to miRNAs, expression of DNMT1 which is an important epigenetic player involved in many processes including cancer, is seen to be altered. Overall, present study provides a proof for regulatory roles of micro RNAs and DNA methylation in human X aneuploidy cells opening up possible new ways for designing therapeutic strategies.

DOI: 10.1038/srep43235

Cite this paper

@inproceedings{Rajpathak2017MicroRA, title={Micro RNAs and DNA methylation are regulatory players in human cells with altered X chromosome to autosome balance}, author={Shriram N. Rajpathak and Deepti D. Deobagkar}, booktitle={Scientific reports}, year={2017} }