Methotrexate serum concentration and histological response to multiagent primary chemotherapy for osteosarcoma of the limbs.

Abstract

The authors investigated the influence of methotrexate (MTX) serum concentration on (histologically evaluated) tumor necrosis, induced by a primary multiagent chemotherapy, including MTX, for osteosarcoma. MTX serum peaks in 151 patients, preoperatively treated with MTX (8-12g/m2), cisplatin (120mg/m2) and Adriamycin (60mg/m2), were analyzed. Significantly (p < 0.01) higher serum MTX mean peaks were observed in patients with complete tumor necrosis (MTX 773.8 mumol/l) compared to patients with 90-99% tumor necrosis (639.8 mumol/l), 50-89% tumor necrosis (649.1 mumol/l) or less than 50% tumor necrosis (610 mumol/l). Complete tumor necrosis was observed in 9% of patients with MTX peaks of less than 600 mumol/l, in 27% of patients with serum MTX peaks between 600 and 699 mumol/l and in 37% of those with MTX peaks ranging from 700 to 799 mumol/l. Higher MTX peaks (800-899, 900-999, > 1000 mumol/l) were not associated with a further increase of cases with complete tumor necrosis. 40% of patients with an MTX peak greater than 700 mumol/l had complete tumor necrosis, compared to 15.5% of patients who did not reach this value (p < 0.002). At a multivariant analysis including age, sex, tumor site and volume, pretreatment serum alkaline phosphatase and lactic dehydrogenase levels, MTX peaks of 700 mumol/l and, less significantly, the histologic type (telangiectatic osteosarcoma), were independent factors influencing tumor necrosis. The authors conclude that MTX serum peaks significantly influence chemotherapy-induced tumor necrosis in osteosarcoma. In a primary treatment consisting of cisplatin, Adriamycin and MTX, complete tumor necrosis can be obtained in 40% of patients with MTX peak concentrations > or = 700 mumol/l.

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@article{Bacci1996MethotrexateSC, title={Methotrexate serum concentration and histological response to multiagent primary chemotherapy for osteosarcoma of the limbs.}, author={Gaetano Bacci and Stefano Ferrari and Piero Picci and Carola Zolezzi and Filippo Gherlinzoni and D M Iantorno and Alberto Cazzola}, journal={Journal of chemotherapy}, year={1996}, volume={8 6}, pages={472-8} }