Methods for the examination of cattle, sheep and goat dung in prehistoric wetland settlements with examples of the sites Alleshausen-Täschenwiesen and Alleshausen-Grundwiesen (around cal 2900 BC) at Lake Federsee, south-west Germany

  title={Methods for the examination of cattle, sheep and goat dung in prehistoric wetland settlements with examples of the sites Alleshausen-T{\"a}schenwiesen and Alleshausen-Grundwiesen (around cal 2900 BC) at Lake Federsee, south-west Germany},
  author={Marlu K{\"u}hn and Ursula Maier and Christoph Herbig and Kristin Ismail-Meyer and Matthieu Le Bailly and Lucia Wick},
  journal={Environmental Archaeology},
  pages={43 - 57}
Abstract There has been evidence of dung in lakeside and moorland settlements since the beginning of wetland archaeology in the 19th century. While evidence has been found for the easily discernible faecal pellets of sheep and goats, recognition of cattle dung has proven to be considerably more difficult. In this study, we give an overview of evidence for dung remains in prehistoric wetland settlements in Germany, Switzerland and eastern France. Various methods for the analysis of uncharred… 

Animal dung from arid environments and archaeobotanical methodologies for its analysis: An example from animal burials of the Predynastic elite cemetery HK6 at Hierakonpolis, Egypt

Abstract Bioarchaeological studies of animal dung from arid environments provide valuable information on various aspects of life in ancient societies relating to land use and environmental change,

From Mesolithic hunters to Iron Age herders: a unique record of woodland use from eastern central Europe (Czech Republic)

In a continuous, perfectly stratified sedimentary sequence which was discovered under a large sandstone overhang in northern Bohemia, Czech Republic, we analysed multiple biological remains,

An integrated perspective on farming in the early Neolithic lakeshore site of La Draga (Banyoles, Spain)

Abstract A combined analysis of the faunal and charred plant macroremains from the early Neolithic lakeshore site of La Draga (Banyoles, Spain) is presented. The aim was to characterise the farming

Environment and agriculture of the transitional period from the Late Bronze to early Iron Age in the eastern Baltic: an archaeobotanical case study of the lakeshore settlement Luokesa 1, Lithuania

  • Britta Pollmann
  • Environmental Science
    Vegetation History and Archaeobotany
  • 2014
Prehistoric agriculture and vegetation in Lithuania have so far been reconstructed largely using palynological data. This paper reports the archaeobotanical investigation of macroremains from the

The buried medieval pasture of Onoldswil (Niederdorf BL, Switzerland, ad 1295): an example of a well preserved palaeobiocoenosis

In the late spring of the year ad 1295 a landslide devastated the village of Onoldswil in the Swiss Jura mountains. During recent construction work, a small area of the original land surface was

Early Animal Management Strategies during the Neolithic of the Konya Plain, Central Anatolia: Integrating Micromorphological and Microfossil Evidence

ABSTRACT This paper examines the contribution of microscopic multi-proxy approaches to the study of early husbandry practices and animal diet by integrated micromorphological, phytolith, and calcitic

Life on a hilltop: vegetation history, plant husbandry and pastoralism at the dawn of Bergamo-Bergomum (northern Italy, 15th to 7th century bc)

The predictive power of biological proxies, nutrients, and coupled 14C datings are explored to reveal early phases of human settlement and activity in a modern urban context with low visibility and difficult accessibility.

Early farming economy in Mediterranean France: fruit and seed remains from the Early to Late Neolithic levels of the site of Taï (ca 5300–3500 cal bc)

This article presents the archaeobotanical study of Taï, a Neolithic settlement located in Languedoc, southern France. In the western Mediterranean, the Neolithization process occurred during the 6th



Analysis of Goat/Sheep Faeces from Egolzwil 3, Switzerland: Evidence for Branch and Twig Foddering of Livestock in the Neolithic

Abstract Pollen and plant macrofossil analyses are presented from two concentrations of goat faeces from the early Neolithic settlement site of Egolzwil 3, Switzerland (radiocarbon dated to c. 4300

Plant macrofossils and pollen in goat/sheep faeces from the Neolithic lake-shore settlement Arbon Bleiche 3, Switzerland

Comparison with other Neolithic sites of Switzerland reveals differences that may indicate local adaptations in the keeping of goats or sheep in times of shortage.

Agricultural activities and land use in a Neolithic village around 3900 B.C.: Hornstaad Hörnle I A, Lake Constance, Germany

The archaeobotanical investigations in the Neolithic pile settlement of Hornstaad Hörnle I A, Lake Constance, Germany (3919–3905 cal B.C.) has answered many questions concerning agricultural

Analysis of plant macrofossils in goat/sheep faeces from the Neolithic lake shore settlement of Horgen Scheller — an indication of prehistoric transhumance?

Faeces from the Neolithic lake shore settlement of Horgen Scheller (Switzerland) were analysed for plant macrofossils, and the most frequent finds were prickles of Rosaceae, probably blackberry, interpreted as food that was grazed from hedges, woodland edges or clearings in winter or spring.

Micromorphology and plant macrofossil analysis of cattle dung from the Neolithic lake shore settlement of Arbon Bleiche 3

At the excavation of the Neolithic site of Arbon Bleiche 3, Switzerland (3384–3370 B.C., dated using dendrochronology), objects were found that strongly resembled cow pats. Both micromorphological

The state of the art of paleoparasitological research in the Old World.

The well preserved conditions of helminth eggs allowed paleoepidemiological approaches taking into account the number of eggs found by archaeological stratum, and sanitation conditions were assessed for each archaeological period.

Stall-Feeding and Field-Manuring in Switzerland about 6000 Years ago

Les fouilles menees sur le site du Neolithique ancien de Thayngen-Weier, canton de Schaffhausen, ont permis d'etablir des diagrammes polliniques qui apportent une reponse paleobotanique a la question