Method and theory in the study of avoidance.

  title={Method and theory in the study of avoidance.},
  author={Richard J. Herrnstein},
  journal={Psychological review},
  volume={76 1},
  • R. Herrnstein
  • Published 1969
  • Psychology, Biology
  • Psychological review
Two-factor theories of avoidance were conceived to explain responding in avoidance procedures that closely resemble the Pavlovian paradigm in superficial features, although differing in the fundamental contingency of reinforcement. Both typically involve an arbitrary conditioned stimulus and a trial-by-trial sequence of pairings between the conditioned and unconditioned stimuli. According to two-factor theory, the instrumental reinforcement of avoidance is based on the Pavlovian reinforcement… 

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