Methemoglobinemia induced by lidocaine-prilocaine cream.

Abstract

With growing awareness of the importance of pain control in all procedures, the use of lidocaine-prilocaine cream (EMLA) for all ages is increasing. Lidocaine-prilocaine cream has been implicated as a cause of methemoglobinemia. Diagnostic clues may be oxygen-resistant cyanosis and an oxygen "saturation gap" between arterial blood saturation and pulse… (More)

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