Metformin blocks migration and invasion of tumour cells by inhibition of matrix metalloproteinase-9 activation through a calcium and protein kinase Calpha-dependent pathway: phorbol-12-myristate-13-acetate-induced/extracellular signal-regulated kinase/activator protein-1.

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE Population studies have revealed that treatment with the anti-diabetic drug metformin is significantly associated with reduced cancer risk, but the underlying mode of action has not been elucidated. The aim of our study was to determine the effect of metformin on tumour invasion and migration, and the possible mechanisms, using human… (More)
DOI: 10.1111/j.1476-5381.2010.00762.x

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