Metatarsophalangeal joint pathology in crossover second toe deformity: a cadaveric study.

  title={Metatarsophalangeal joint pathology in crossover second toe deformity: a cadaveric study.},
  author={M. J. Coughlin and Shane A Schutt and Christopher B Hirose and Michael J. Kennedy and Brett R Grebing and Bertil W Smith and Minton Truitt Cooper and Pau Gom{\`a} Golan{\'o} and Ram{\'o}n Viladot and F. {\'A}lvarez},
  journal={Foot & ankle international},
  volume={33 2},
BACKGROUND Ligamentous and capsular insufficiency of the second metatarsophalangeal joint has been surgically treated for over two decades, mainly with indirect surgical repairs, which stabilize adjacent soft tissue and shorten or decompress the osseous structures. While ligamentous insufficiency has been described and recognized, degeneration of the plantar plate and tears of the capsule have rarely been documented. The purpose of this study was to document and describe the presence and… CONTINUE READING
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