BACKGROUND Metastasis of uterine leiomyosarcoma to the pancreas is extremely rare. CASE A 46-year-old woman presented with hypermenorrhea and dysmenorrhea and underwent surgery. The histologic and immunohistochemical diagnosis was uterine leiomyosarcoma stage I with no metastasis to the ovaries or the pelvic lymph nodes. The mitotic count was very high. Thereafter, recurrences in the lung and subsequently in the pancreas were detected. The lesions in the lung and pancreas were resected and diagnosed as metastases of uterine leiomyosarcoma based on histology and immunohistochemistry. CONCLUSION We report an extraordinarily rare case of uterine leiomyosarcoma with metastasis to the pancreas following initial metastasis to the lung, both of which were diagnosed using histology and immunohistochemistry of the specimens obtained at surgery.