Metapopulation dynamics

  title={Metapopulation dynamics},
  author={Ilkka Hanski},
  • I. Hanski
  • Published 1998
  • Environmental Science
  • Nature
Metapopulation biology is concerned with the dynamic consequences of migration among local populations and the conditions of regional persistence of species with unstable local populations. Well established effects of habitat patch area and isolation on migration, colonization and population extinction have now become integrated with classic metapopulation dynamics. This has led to models that can be used to predict the movement patterns of individuals, the dynamics of species, and the… 
Metapopulation dynamics with migration and local competition
This work studies a metapopulation model which explicitly incorporates the local population dynamics of two competing species and shows that the coupled system leads to much more complex outcomes than simple patch models that do not include explicit local dynamics.
Coexistence in a metapopulation model with explicit local dynamics.
This work studied a metapopulation model that explicitly incorporates the local population dynamics of two competing species and shows that the coupled system leads to more complex outcomes than simple patch models which do not include explicit local dynamics.
A Metapopulation Model with Explicit Local Population Dynamics
Many patch-based metapopulation models assume that the local population within each patch is at its equilibrium and independent of changes in patch occupancy. We studied a metapopulation model that
A metapopulation model that includes both landscape changes (patch destruction and recre- ation) and age-dependent metAPopulation dynamics is introduced that may need to address the temporal dynamics that characterize local popu- lations in fragmented landscapes.
Metapopulation Ecology
A metapopulation is a spatially structured population that persists over time as a set of local populations with limited dispersal between them. At equilibrium, the frequencies of local extinctions
Impact of dispersal on the stability of metapopulations.
Indirect effects and spatial scaling affect the persistence of multispecies metapopulations
It is shown that space has a marked impact on the dynamics of apparent competition in multispecies predator–prey assemblages where two prey species shared a common natural enemy.
Do invasive species undergo metapopulation dynamics? A case study of the invasive Caspian gull, Larus cachinnans, in Poland
During the initial stages of the invasion of Caspian gulls in Poland the species underwent metapopulation-like dynamics with frequent extinctions from colonized habitat patches, proving that metapipulation theory may be a useful conceptual framework for predicting which habitats are more vulnerable to invasion.
Seasonal variance in P system models for metapopulations
This paper investigates the influence of stochastic and periodic resource feeding processes, owing to seasonal variance, on emergent metapopulation dynamics.
Coexistence of competitors in deterministic and stochastic patchy environments
A deterministic metapopulation model that takes into account a time-dependent patchy environment and investigates the effects that spatial variations have on persistence and coexistence of two competing species.


Metapopulation Dynamics and Genetics
A modeling approach is described that can incorporate a greater range of ecological and genetic processes within local populations within the context of metapopulation.
A Practical Model of Metapopulation Dynamics
A novel approach to modelling of metapopulation dynamics is described, constructed as a generalized incidence function, which describes how the fraction of occupied habitat patches depends on patch areas and isolations.
Single‐species metapopulation dynamics: concepts, models and observations
This paper outlines a conceptual and theoretical framework for single-species metapopulation dynamics based on the Levins model and its variants, which allows one to estimate species' colonization and extinction rates on islands colonized from mainland.
Genetics and demography in biological conservation.
  • R. Lande
  • Biology, Environmental Science
  • 1988
The practical need in biological conservation for understanding the interaction of demographic and genetic factors in extinction may provide a focus for fundamental advances at the interface of ecology and evolution.
Patch-occupancy dynamics in fragmented landscapes.
  • I. Hanski
  • Environmental Science
    Trends in ecology & evolution
  • 1994
Predicting the Occurrence of Endangered Species in Fragmented Landscapes
A spatially realistic metapopulation model, which includes the first-order effects of patch area and isolation on extinction and colonization, has been tested and the distribution of an endangered butterfly was successfully predicted on the basis of parameter values estimated for a well-studied congeneric species.
Modeling spatiotemporal dynamics in ecology
Foreword by Robert M. May, University of Oxford, U.K.- Emergent Phenomena in Spatially Extended Model Ecosystems.- Diversity, Stability, and Metadynamics: Remarks from Coupled Map Studies.- Spatial
Mosaic Landscapes and Ecological Processes
Landscape mosaics and ecological theory. Origin of landscape pattern. Response of individuals and populations to landscape pattern. Landscape pattern, population dynamics and population genetics.
Disturbance, interspecific interaction and diversity in metapopulations
The effects of predation in mediating coexistence among competing prey species is examined and three models for interspecific competition are considered; if the species are identified with early and late successional species, the models describe the facilitation, inhibition and tolerance models of ecological succession.
Metapopulation extinction and genetic variation in dispersal-related traits
Using computer simulation, it is found that within-deme selection against dispersal can set off a critical phase, during which the patch occupancy is low and the risk of extinction high, and genetic variation can pose a threat to persistence.