Metaphysics of Muhammad

  title={Metaphysics of Muhammad},
  author={Khalil Andani},
This study analyzes the development of the theme of the “Light of Muḥammad” (al-nūr al-Muḥammadī) or the “Muḥammadan Reality” (al-ḥaqīqa al-Muḥammadiyya) among several Shiʿi and Sufi thinkers through the seventh/thirteenth century. These thinkers include Imam Jaʿfar al-Ṣādiq (d. 148/765), Sahl al-Tustarī (d. 283/896), the Ikhwān al-Ṣafāʾ (early to mid 4th/10th century), the Ismaili dāʿīs Abū Yaʿqūb al-Sijistānī (d. after 361/971) and Ḥamīd al-Dīn al-Kirmānī (d. after 411/1020), Abū Ḥāmid al… 

Sayyid Ḥaydar Āmulī (d. ca. 787/1385) and Ismailism

Sayyid Ḥaydar Āmulī (d. ca. 787/1385) was a significant Twelver Shiʿi philosopher. This paper argues that his work reveals major similarities with Ismaili Shiʿism in two crucial aspects:

Sayyid Ḥaydar Āmulī’s Seal of Absolute walāya: A Shīʿī Response to Ibn ʿArabī

  • M. Rustom
  • Philosophy
    Islam and Christian–Muslim Relations
  • 2020
ABSTRACT In Ibn ʿArabī's (d. 638/1240) highly developed theory of walāya (‘sainthood’ or ‘friendship with God’), Jesus is conceived of as the ‘Seal of Absolute walāya’ whereas Ibn ʿArabī is the ‘Seal

Nearness to God: Danish Muslims and Taqwa-infused faith frames

This article advocates for an increased attention to how piously striving Muslims learn about, cultivate, and experience nearness to God. The empirical material is taken from our current research on