Metals in cigarette smoke

@article{Bernhard2005MetalsIC,
  title={Metals in cigarette smoke},
  author={David Bernhard and Andreas Rossmann and Georg Wick},
  journal={IUBMB Life},
  year={2005},
  volume={57}
}
Metals are vital for a huge number of physiological processes in the human body, but can also destroy health when the concentration is not within the physiologically favourable range. Cigarette smoking interferes with the carefully controlled metal homeostasis of the human body. This review focuses on the consequences of metal delivery to the human body by cigarette smoking and discusses the body's responses. The metal content of tobacco plants, smoke, the circulation, and various organs is… Expand
Body burden of toxic metals and rare earth elements in non‐smokers, cigarette smokers and electronic cigarette users
TLDR
It is found that smoking is mainly a source of heavy metals while the use of e‐cigarettes is a potential source of REE, however, these elements were detected at low concentrations. Expand
Metals transfer from tobacco to cigarette smoke: Evidences in smokers' lung tissue.
TLDR
Significantly higher levels of As, Cd and Pb were found in the lung tissue of smokers compared to non-smokers, showing that smoking results in an increase of these metals in the lungs and that they contribute to the carcinogenic potential of cigarette smoke. Expand
Health Effects of Trace Metals in Electronic Cigarette Aerosols—a Systematic Review
TLDR
The present review first focuses on the structure of the ECs followed by an appraisal of the data from experimental studies about the metals released in EC aerosols and their associated health hazards. Expand
Smoking-Induced Oxidative Stress in the Pathogenesis of Cardiovascular Diseases
TLDR
The processes underlying the impact of smoking on CVD initiation and progression is discussed in this chapter. Expand
Effects of Cigarette Smoke on Tissue Trace Element Concentration of Rats Exposed to Second-hand Smoke
Trace elements have an important effect on and play a key role in a variety of the processes necessary for life. Studies have indicated a definite correlation between content of trace elements andExpand
Cadmium and Cadmium/Zinc Ratios and Tobacco-Related Morbidities
TLDR
Data suggest that blood, urine, and tissue cadmium and cadmiam/zinc ratios are often significantly different between smokers and nonsmokers and they are also different in smokers for several diseases and cancers. Expand
Redox Regulation of Transcription by Cigarette Smoke
Cigarette smoking is the leading cause of preventable death in the United States, claiming more than 438 000 lives per year. It is important that we gain a better understanding of the etiology ofExpand
Cigarette smoke – an aging accelerator?
TLDR
This review makes an attempt to ascribe many of the deleterious effects of smoking on human health to a general principle, namely the acceleration of aging processes by cigarette smoke chemicals. Expand
Estimation of Polish cigarettes contamination with cadmium and lead, and exposure to these metals via smoking
TLDR
The results give clear evidence that in the case of inhabitants of areas unpolluted with Cd and Pb habitual cigarette smoking, due to tobacco contamination, creates a serious source of chronic exposure to these metals, especially to Cd. Expand
Differences in cadmium transfer from tobacco to cigarette smoke, compared to arsenic or lead
TLDR
The transient formation of organometallic derivatives could adequately explain the observed cadmium selective filtration in cigarettes with carbon filters and lead levels in a worldwide sample of 568 cigarettes are presented. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...

References

SHOWING 1-10 OF 41 REFERENCES
Toxic and trace elements in tobacco and tobacco smoke.
TLDR
The known effects of some trace elements and other biochemically important elements (Al, As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Pb, Mn, Hg, Ni, Po-210, Se, and Zn) which are linked with smoking are summarized. Expand
Hazards of heavy metal contamination.
TLDR
Recent data indicate that adverse health effects of cadmium exposure may occur at lower exposure levels than previously anticipated, primarily in the form of kidney damage but possibly also bone effects and fractures, and measures should be taken to reduce cadmiam exposure in the general population in order to minimize the risk of adverse health results. Expand
Adverse Health Effects of Chronic Exposure to Low-Level Cadmium in Foodstuffs and Cigarette Smoke
TLDR
Evidence linking Cd-related kidney dysfunction and decreases in bone mineral density in nonoccupationally exposed populations who showed no signs of nutritional deficiency points to the much-needed revision of the current provisional tolerable weekly intake (PTWI) for Cd. Expand
Smoking, cadmium, and emphysema
Does cadmium contribute to the development of smoking induced emphysema? Most respiratory physicians recognise that chronic exposure to respirable cadmium in the workplace may lead to emphysema.Expand
Development and evaluation of an in vitro model for the analysis of cigarette smoke effects on cultured cells and tissues.
TLDR
An in vitro model that has proven to be useful for standardized studies of cellular and histological effects of cigarette smoke is presented and validated and suggests in vivo similar conditions for gas-to-liquid compound exchange. Expand
Cadmium and chromium as markers of smoking in human lung tissue.
TLDR
The pulmonary Cd was seen to return to the level of nonsmokers in 21-22 years after cessation of smoking, whereas Cr showed no decreasing tendency with the time since smoking stopped, compared with smoking history, pulmonary emphysema, age, and occupation. Expand
Metabolic reduction of chromium by alveolar macrophages and its relationships to cigarette smoke.
TLDR
Alveolar macrophages provide crucial defense mechanisms not only by phagocytizing metals, but also by metabolically reducing Cr(VI), and these mechanisms are expected to determine thresholds in the pulmonary carcinogenicity of chromium. Expand
Estimates of the chromium(VI) reducing capacity in human body compartments as a mechanism for attenuating its potential toxicity and carcinogenicity.
TLDR
The available evidence strongly indicates that chromium(VI) reduction in body fluids and long-lived non-target cells is expected to greatly attenuate its potential toxicity and genotoxicity, to imprint a threshold character to the carcinogenesis process, and to restrict the possible targets of its activity. Expand
Mercury in cigarettes.
Mercury in cigarettes of domestic and foreign products was measured by Magon's method, and the sample of a domestic brand was burned by a smoking machine and the smoke was collected for theExpand
Effect of cigarette smoking on copper, lead, and cadmium accumulation in human lens
  • O. Çekiç
  • Medicine
  • The British journal of ophthalmology
  • 1998
TLDR
The accumulation of copper, lead, and Cadmium occurs in cataract and the probable source of cadmium in humans is cigarettes. Expand
...
1
2
3
4
5
...