Metals in cigarette smoke

  title={Metals in cigarette smoke},
  author={David Bernhard and Andreas Rossmann and Georg Wick},
  journal={IUBMB Life},
Metals are vital for a huge number of physiological processes in the human body, but can also destroy health when the concentration is not within the physiologically favourable range. Cigarette smoking interferes with the carefully controlled metal homeostasis of the human body. This review focuses on the consequences of metal delivery to the human body by cigarette smoking and discusses the body's responses. The metal content of tobacco plants, smoke, the circulation, and various organs is… 
Health Effects of Trace Metals in Electronic Cigarette Aerosols—a Systematic Review
The present review first focuses on the structure of the ECs followed by an appraisal of the data from experimental studies about the metals released in EC aerosols and their associated health hazards.
Smoking-Induced Oxidative Stress in the Pathogenesis of Cardiovascular Diseases
The processes underlying the impact of smoking on CVD initiation and progression is discussed in this chapter.
Effects of Cigarette Smoke on Tissue Trace Element Concentration of Rats Exposed to Second-hand Smoke
Trace elements have an important effect on and play a key role in a variety of the processes necessary for life. Studies have indicated a definite correlation between content of trace elements and
Cadmium and Cadmium/Zinc Ratios and Tobacco-Related Morbidities
Data suggest that blood, urine, and tissue cadmium and cadmiam/zinc ratios are often significantly different between smokers and nonsmokers and they are also different in smokers for several diseases and cancers.
Cigarette smoke – an aging accelerator?
Estimation of Polish cigarettes contamination with cadmium and lead, and exposure to these metals via smoking
The results give clear evidence that in the case of inhabitants of areas unpolluted with Cd and Pb habitual cigarette smoking, due to tobacco contamination, creates a serious source of chronic exposure to these metals, especially to Cd.


Toxic and trace elements in tobacco and tobacco smoke.
The known effects of some trace elements and other biochemically important elements (Al, As, Cd, Cr, Cu, Pb, Mn, Hg, Ni, Po-210, Se, and Zn) which are linked with smoking are summarized.
Hazards of heavy metal contamination.
Recent data indicate that adverse health effects of cadmium exposure may occur at lower exposure levels than previously anticipated, primarily in the form of kidney damage but possibly also bone effects and fractures, and measures should be taken to reduce cadmiam exposure in the general population in order to minimize the risk of adverse health results.
Adverse Health Effects of Chronic Exposure to Low-Level Cadmium in Foodstuffs and Cigarette Smoke
Evidence linking Cd-related kidney dysfunction and decreases in bone mineral density in nonoccupationally exposed populations who showed no signs of nutritional deficiency points to the much-needed revision of the current provisional tolerable weekly intake (PTWI) for Cd.
Smoking, cadmium, and emphysema
Does cadmium contribute to the development of smoking induced emphysema? Most respiratory physicians recognise that chronic exposure to respirable cadmium in the workplace may lead to emphysema.
Metabolic reduction of chromium by alveolar macrophages and its relationships to cigarette smoke.
Alveolar macrophages provide crucial defense mechanisms not only by phagocytizing metals, but also by metabolically reducing Cr(VI), and these mechanisms are expected to determine thresholds in the pulmonary carcinogenicity of chromium.
Estimates of the chromium(VI) reducing capacity in human body compartments as a mechanism for attenuating its potential toxicity and carcinogenicity.
The available evidence strongly indicates that chromium(VI) reduction in body fluids and long-lived non-target cells is expected to greatly attenuate its potential toxicity and genotoxicity, to imprint a threshold character to the carcinogenesis process, and to restrict the possible targets of its activity.
Mercury in cigarettes.
Mercury in cigarettes of domestic and foreign products was measured by Magon's method, and the sample of a domestic brand was burned by a smoking machine and the smoke was collected for the
Effect of cigarette smoking on copper, lead, and cadmium accumulation in human lens
  • O. Çekiç
  • Medicine, Chemistry
    The British journal of ophthalmology
  • 1998
The accumulation of copper, lead, and Cadmium occurs in cataract and the probable source of cadmium in humans is cigarettes.