Metallization of fluid hydrogen at 140 GPa (1.4 Mbar) by shock compression

@article{Nellis1999MetallizationOF,
  title={Metallization of fluid hydrogen at 140 GPa (1.4 Mbar) by shock compression},
  author={William J. Nellis and Samuel T. Weir and A. Crichton Mitch{\`e}ll},
  journal={Shock Waves},
  year={1999},
  volume={9},
  pages={301-305}
}
Abstract. Shock compression was used to produce the first observation of a metallic state of condensed hydrogen. The conditions of metallization are a pressure of 140 GPa (1.4 Mbar), 0.6 g/cm $^3$ (ninefold compression of initial liquid-H $_2$ density), and 3000 K. The relatively modest temperature generated by a reverberating shock wave produced the metallic state in a warm fluid at a lower pressure than expected previously for the crystallographically ordered solid at low temperatures. The… Expand

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