Metal spectra as indicators of development.

  title={Metal spectra as indicators of development.},
  author={Thomas E. Graedel and Junji Cao},
  journal={Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America},
  volume={107 49},
We have assembled extensive information on the cycles of seven industrial metals in 49 countries, territories, or groups of countries, drawn from a database of some 200,000 material flows, and have devised analytical approaches to treat the suite of metals as composing an approach to a national "materials metabolism." We demonstrate that in some of the more developed countries, per capita metal use is more than 10 times the global average. Additionally, countries that use more than the per… CONTINUE READING
Highly Cited
This paper has 22 citations. REVIEW CITATIONS


Publications citing this paper.
Showing 1-10 of 14 extracted citations


Publications referenced by this paper.
Showing 1-10 of 23 references

Recycling rates of metals: A status report

  • TE Graedel
  • J Ind Ecol,
  • 2010

Substance flow analysis of copper in China

  • G Xueyi, S Yu
  • Resour Conserv Recy 52:874–882
  • 2008

The global flows of metals and minerals. US Geological Survey Open-File Report 2008-1355 Available only online at 2008/1355

  • DG Rogich, GR Matos
  • 2008

The multilevel cycle of anthropogenic lead

  • JS Mao, J Dong, TE Graedel
  • II. Results and discussion. Resour Conserv Recy…
  • 2008

An analysis of historic production trends in Australian base metal mining

  • GM Mudd
  • Ore Geol Rev 32:227–261
  • 2007

Similar Papers

Loading similar papers…