Cross-linked enzyme aggregates (CLEAs) and magnetic nanocomposite grafted CLEAs of GH26 endo-β-1,4-mannanase: Improved activity, stability and reusability.
A GH 26 endo-mannanase from Bacillus sp. CFR1601 was purified to homogeneity (Mw ∼39kDa, specific activity 10,461.5±100IU/mg). Endo-mannanase gene (manb-1601, 1083bp, accession No. KM404299) was expressed in Escherichia coli BL21 (DE3) and showed typical fingerprints of α/β proteins in the far-UV CD. A high degree of conservation among amino acid residues involved in metal chelation (His-1, 23 and Glu-336) and internal repeats (122-152 and 181-212) was observed in endo-mannanases reported from various Bacillus sp. Thermal inactivation kinetics suggested that metal ions are quintessential for stabilization of ManB-1601 structure as holoenzyme (Ea 87.4kcal/mol, ΔH 86.7kcal/mol, ΔS 186.6cal/k/mol) displayed better values of thermodynamic parameters compared to metal-depleted ManB-1601 (Ea 47kcal/mol, ΔH 45.7kcal/mol, ΔS 64.7cal/k/mol). EDTA treatment of ManB-1601 not only lead to transitions in both secondary and tertiary structure but also promulgated the population of conformational state that unfolds at lower temperature. ManB-1601 followed a three-state process for thermal inactivation wherein loss of tertiary structure preceded the concurrent loss of secondary structure and activity.