Metal-based nanoparticles in soil: fate, behavior, and effects on soil invertebrates.

  title={Metal-based nanoparticles in soil: fate, behavior, and effects on soil invertebrates.},
  author={Paula S Tourinho and Cornelis A M van Gestel and Stephen Lofts and Claus Svendsen and Amadeu M V M Soares and Susana Loureiro},
  journal={Environmental toxicology and chemistry},
  volume={31 8},
Metal-based nanoparticles (NPs) (e.g., silver, zinc oxide, titanium dioxide, iron oxide) are being widely used in the nanotechnology industry. Because of the release of particles from NP-containing products, it is likely that NPs will enter the soil compartment, especially through land application of sewage sludge derived from wastewater treatment. This review presents an overview of the literature dealing with the fate and effects of metal-based NPs in soil. In the environment, the… CONTINUE READING
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