Metacognition and Cognitive Monitoring: A New Area of Cognitive-Developmental Inquiry.

  title={Metacognition and Cognitive Monitoring: A New Area of Cognitive-Developmental Inquiry.},
  author={John H. Flavell},
  journal={American Psychologist},
  • J. Flavell
  • Published 1979
  • Psychology, Education
  • American Psychologist
Preschool and elementary school children were asked to study a set of items until they were sure they could recall them perfectly (Flavell, Friedrichs, & Hoyt, 1970). The older subjects studied for a while, said they were ready, and usually were, that is, they showed perfect recall. The younger children studied for a while, said they were ready, and usually were not. In another study, elementary school children were asked to help the experimenter evaluate the communicative adequacy of verbal… 

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  • Paper prepared for the Social Science Research Council Committee on Social and Affective Development During Childhood

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