Metabolism of methadone and levo-alpha-acetylmethadol (LAAM) by human intestinal cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4): potential contribution of intestinal metabolism to presystemic clearance and bioactivation.

@article{Oda2001MetabolismOM,
  title={Metabolism of methadone and levo-alpha-acetylmethadol (LAAM) by human intestinal cytochrome P450 3A4 (CYP3A4): potential contribution of intestinal metabolism to presystemic clearance and bioactivation.},
  author={Yasuhiro Oda and Evan D. Kharasch},
  journal={The Journal of pharmacology and experimental therapeutics},
  year={2001},
  volume={298 3},
  pages={1021-32}
}
Methadone and levo-alpha-acetylmethadol (LAAM) are opioid agonists used for analgesia and preventing opiate withdrawal. Methadone is sequentially N-demethylated to the inactive metabolites 2-ethylidene-1,5-dimethyl-3,3-diphenylpyrrolidine (EDDP) and 2-ethyl-5-methyl-3,3-diphenylpyraline (EMDP). LAAM is essentially a prodrug that undergoes bioactivation via sequential N-demethylation to levo-alpha-acetyl-N-normethadol (nor-LAAM) and levo-alpha-acetyl-N,N-dinormethadol (dinor-LAAM). Methadone and… CONTINUE READING
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