Metabolic engineering.

@article{Stephanopoulos1998MetabolicE,
  title={Metabolic engineering.},
  author={Gregory Stephanopoulos},
  journal={Biotechnology and bioengineering},
  year={1998},
  volume={58 2-3},
  pages={
          119-20
        }
}
Metabolic engineering is the science that combines systematic analysis of metabolic and other pathways with molecular biological techniques to improve cellular properties by designing and implementing rational genetic modifications. As such, metabolic engineering deals with the measurement of metabolic fluxes and elucidation of their control as determinants of metabolic function and cell physiology. A novel aspect of metabolic engineering is that it departs from the traditional reductionist… 
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