Metabolic disturbances after head injury: abnormalities of sodium and water balance with special reference to the effects of alcohol intoxication.


Eighty-eight patients with craniocerebral trauma were studied prospectively to assess the effects of the injury on sodium and water balance. Abnormalities of serum sodium and osmolality occurred in 11 of the 76 patients who were on the study more than 24 hours, and the incidence of these abnormalities was directly related to the severity of the… (More)


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