[Metabolic changes in cardiac failure].

  • Pierre Gibelin
  • Published 1992 in Annales de cardiologie et d'angeiologie


As soon as there is evidence of left ventricular dysfunction, even before clinical signs of chronic cardiac failure (CCF) have developed, intrinsic and extrinsic compensatory mechanisms are brought into play by the body. The majority of these mechanisms are under the influence of neurohumoral systems. When neurohormonal responses persist, as in CCF, they… (More)


Cite this paper

@article{Gibelin1992MetabolicCI, title={[Metabolic changes in cardiac failure].}, author={Pierre Gibelin}, journal={Annales de cardiologie et d'angeiologie}, year={1992}, volume={41 10}, pages={571-9} }